Recently, technological developments are increasing rapidly, especially in the field of computers. At present, computer devices, either PCs or laptops, not only function as supporting productive activities, but also as entertainment media. One of them is a game feature on a computer.
Computer games have long been created. Over time, computer games increasingly gained popularity. This, of course, is inseparable from the history and development of the computer game itself.
The Development of Computer Games
Computer games were first released in the 70’s, more precisely in 1972. This also marked the beginning of the development of video games in general, both on computer and console platforms. After that, the development of video games did grow so rapidly. Many technology companies at that time released their own games.
In the 80’s, computer games entered their heyday, when people preferred to have computers rather than game consoles. This was caused by computer functions that can be used more widely; not only to just play games but can also be used to help with humanitarian work.
Entering the 90’s, computer games were increasingly rampant and able to compete with console games even today. Game developers will always release games for PC platforms in addition to various consoles. Furthermore, computer games have entered the next level where various games can be played online.
Computer Games Classification by Genre
If classified by genre, computer games can be divided into several general genres as below.
As the name implies, action genre games prioritize gameplay that emphasizes action, so players are required to have high abilities and skills. Players must be able to take action and response quickly when dealing with opponents or obstacles. Basically, players must have reflexes, accuracy, and the right timing to complete the game level.
This action genre game is one of the pioneers in the world of gaming. Therefore, it is not surprising that its development has progressed so far, from the graphics perspective to the gameplay itself.
- Role Play Games
At the Role Play Games, or commonly abbreviated as RPG, players are given the freedom to choose the characters and characters can also develop and have abilities that can be adjusted to the wishes of the players. What sets it apart from action games is that there is a leveling element, where each game character’s stats will increase along with the level increase.
In RPG games, players have the freedom to explore the world of games; therefore, RPG games usually carry the concept of the open world. In addition, players are not limited to completing existing quests. This means that players are free to finish any quest first, either playing quests or side quests first. In fact, some RPG games allow players to determine their own game ending.
- Shooting Games
As the name suggests, this game focuses on shooting activities. Basically, this game consists of 2 sub-genres, namely first-person shooter (FPS) and third-person shooter (TPS). The difference between the two is the player’s perspective.
In FPS games, players play in the first person perspective. Therefore, the appearance of the characters in the FPS game usually only shows the hands and weapons held by the player. This FPS game requires the player to complete certain missions, which is certainly not free from shooting. Storyboards in FPS games usually tell about war or military operations. In some FPS games, players can also choose to become villain characters such as terrorists or rebels.
Meanwhile, TPS games use a third person perspective. So from this, usually in this TPS game, the player’s character is more visible because it is usually depicted in half body; not just the arms and weapons. The rest, this TPS game is similar to FPS, which is the player must complete certain missions, and so on. However, in terms of storyboards, TPS games are usually more widespread than FPS games.
Sometimes people often switch between adventure games and action. Adventure games highlight the adventure side of a game rather than action. Players will explore forests, ruins of buildings, or even cities to complete missions. The mission certainly brings the storyline of the game which is the focal point of the adventure game.
- Sport Games
Games with sports genres are sports games that are played in the form of video games, such as soccer games in EA’s FIFA series or Konami’s Pro Evolution Soccer. Not only soccer, this sports genre game also carries other sports such as basketball, tennis, racing, and others.
You could say in this simulation game, we play real life in video games. The simulation game presents the concept of everyday life in various fields to be played in the game. An example is the SimCity game where the player will act as the mayor who daily manages the city planning, starting from the establishment of the city on vacant land, development, and city management.
The Advantages of Computer Game
Lately, people prefer to play computer games rather than console games. This cannot be separated from the advantages possessed by computer games. Starting in terms of graphics, many people think that graphics on computer games are better than console games so that this can bring an impressive sensation and gaming experience. In addition, computer games are chosen by many people because the computer devices itself are universal platforms. In addition, in some locations, computer games are easier to obtain than games for consoles. This certainly has an impact on the number of enthusiasts of the game.